CannabidiolWhat is CBD?

Many people confuse the terms cannabis, marijuana, and hemp, when these terms mean very different things. The Cannabis Sativa plant, of which there are two main species: hemp and marijuana, contains over 100 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD), are two primary cannabinoids extracted from the cannabis plant.

Marijuana is commonly grown, harvested, and consumed as a recreational drug, and some states have authorized cultivation of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes, but hemp does not contain the same psychoactive properties as marijuana. THC is the substance responsible for the euphoria and other psychoactive effects of consuming marijuana. Hemp has only trace amounts of THC, and nowhere near enough to cause any psychoactive effects when consumed.

On the other hand, while hemp has very low traces of THC, it contains much higher CBD levels than marijuana.The body reacts to CBD differently than it does to THC. THC consumption can lead to feelings of euphoria, increased appetite, physical relaxation, and minor psychological disturbances in some people. CBD does not produce any psychoactive effects, but it can help with relaxation and pain relief by reducing inflammation and managing immune system responses. 

Both THC and CBD interact with the human body’s endocannabinoid system, but they do so in different ways. The Human Endocannabinoid System is a network of neurons that run all throughout the body. It is loaded with receptors that bind to the cannabinoids you introduce into the bloodstream. When you consume cannabinoids it creates a series of responses that run deep into all the major systems of the body.

There are currently understood to be two primary cannabinoid receptors, but the debate continues on other potential receptors that may also be influenced by cannabinoid stimulation. CB1 receptors reside primarily in the nervous system and brain, and they relate to psychological processing and mental functions, such as emotions, memories, movement, pain, thinking, mood, and appetite. CB2 receptors exist in the major systems of the body and immune system, relating to functions in the organs, gut, heart, kidneys, and lymph cells of the body. Another known receptor found in the human body is the TRPV1 receptors, which reside in the skin. As the TRPV1 receptors collect cannabinoid molecules they help regulate itching sensations, heat, inflammation and can even help eczema and psoriasis.

While THC interacts directly with the CB1 receptors, CBD does not directly bind to the CB1 or CB2 receptors. Instead, it suppresses the enzyme that is responsible for breaking down Anandamine, a natural occurring cannabinoid found in the body. This cannabinoid is responsible for activating the CB1 and CB2 receptors, which triggers the body’s natural protective endocannabinoid response.

This natural response is triggered when the body senses something out of the ordinary, or anything that brings the body out of homeostasis. Think of homeostasis as the body running at optimal efficiency; the systems are working as they should and the hormone levels in the body are balanced appropriately. When something offsets this balance, the immune system and other systems of the body react to put the body back in harmony.  

 CBD products show tremendous promise as supplements for various conditions, allowing many people to avoid pharmaceuticals for their ailments, especially because many patients are now seeking more natural alternatives. The 2018 Farm Bill officially legalized the cultivation of industrial hemp, paving the way for CBD products to become a more mainstream treatment option for various conditions.

We look forward to educating others about this industry as it evolves at a record pace. If you have absolutely any questions or concerns about our products or about CBD in general, please feel free to contact us. 


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